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Emerging Agribusiness Trends in Myanmar: An Overview (Condensed)

The agribusiness sector in Myanmar is predominately driven by influential Burmese companies with connections to military and government officials. Myanmar authorities have liberalized land development policies in an effort to increase agricultural commodity production and export, as advised by international finance bodies, regional investors and Burmese businessmen. Foreign investment in the agricultural sector is expected to increase with the newly elected, reform-minded Myanmar government and their recently enacted land bills that create land titles that can be bought, sold and transferred, including to foreign investors. Asian business leaders are currently reassessing the political and economic risks of investing in Myanmar. The immediate results from agribusiness investment by domestic and international sources have been abysmal, especially in ethnic minority regions. Due to low capital and technology inputs, limited infrastructure, inadequate training and poor land governance, including a lack of government assistance, agricultural production remains low. Agricultural concessions sometimes serve as a cover for logging, or in politically hostile ethnic areas, as a means of targeting both rebel groups and ethnic civilian populations alike. As a result, farmers are displaced from their traditional lands, wage labour migration is on the rise, ecological health is threatened, food insecurity is increasing, and poppy cultivation for opium is making a comeback in the north.

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Additional Info

Field Value
Document type Reports, journal articles, and research papers (including theses and dissertations)
Language of document
  • English
Topics Agriculture and fishing
Geographic area (spatial range)
  • Myanmar
Copyright To be determined
Version / Edition 1.0
License unspecified
Author (individual) Kevin Woods
Publication date 2011
Keywords Thailand,China,Agribusiness
Date uploaded June 13, 2018, 14:35 (UTC)
Date modified May 19, 2021, 06:48 (UTC)