Economic land concessions (ELCs)

This dataset contains a list of ELCs in Cambodia with contract dates starting from 1996 to 2014. The list was updated in November 2017 to included adjustments to ELCs contracts as a result of the Directive 01, starting in 2012, such as land cuts and cancellation of licenses. Due to the lack of publicly available information, this dataset does not include information on reductions of contract durations as a result of the ELCs evaluation process in 2015. The data will be updated from variety of public domain sources such as the government, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), research institutes, company websites, and news reports. Geographic data is encoded in the WGS 84, Zone 48 North coordinate reference system.

Data Resources (33)

Data Resource Preview - Economic land concessions (ELCs)

Additional Info

Field Value
Dataset topic category
  • Agro-industrial production
  • Economic land concessions and plantations
  • Forests and forestry
  • Land
  • Land tenure and land titling
  • English
Use limitations There are no know access use and constraints.
Dataset reference date January 3, 2011
Temporal extent's start date September 1, 1996
Temporal extent's end date July 5, 2014
  • Cambodia
West bounding coordinates 102.48896997954711
East bounding coordinates 107.60288682614694
South bounding coordinates 10.473820078167844
North bounding coordinates 14.704060108095415
Spatial Reference System WGS 84 / UTM zone 48N (EPSG:32648)
Positional Accuracy There are no known issues with accuracy.
Logical Consistency 14 cases of ELC containing contrasting information on land size and developer names. Contrasting information was provided by Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF), Sub-Decree, and NGOs working on this topic. Please see \"Concession size reported by\" column to identify the source of information. 5 cases of ELC with different contract dates, based on information reported by MAFF and developers. 2 cases of ELC containing different information on contracting authorities. Contrasting information was provided by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF), Ministry of Economy and Finance, and Kampong Thom investment sub-committee.
Completeness This interactive map contains all of the data that is currently available to ODC and is not exhaustive. Projects or areas with publicly known boundaries are mapped as polygons; those without publicly known boundaries are represented as dots on the map. The dots are placed in the center of the closest known geographical area and thus do not represent exact locations. The development landscape is constantly changing, and there are also additional developments for which data is not available. While ODC takes every effort to ensure that the details in this map are accurate and up to date, some of the projects or areas marked on the map may have since been modified or cancelled since the map was published. Moreover, additional developments may have been approved that are not yet included here. Note: Publicly available information on land area cut from ELCs does not include maps or spatial data of excisions. Thus, ODC cannot present land area cut in shapes. As a result, ELC projects that are visualized on the interactive map represent the original contract size.
Process Step The data was collected from variety of public domain sources such as the government, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), research institutes, company websites, and news reports. Investment and project information from different sources are cross-checked. ELC project maps -- if provided in the sub-decrees or other legal government documents -- were scanned and geo-referenced. Some ELC projects without spatial data provided by the government were mapped based on Licadho's concession map. The data in SQLITE format was finally exported to DB_TABLE and WMS that can download as SHP, KML, and GEOJSON files.
Lineage Reference documents for each ELCs are provided for download on the data table page "ELC projects" on ODC website (link). Below is a list of major sources used in the making of this ELC project list:Royal Gazetteer from government of Cambodia, Sub-decree. Land conversion. 2009-2013. [retrieved on 11/02/2014]Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Economic land concessions. 2011.Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Statistics on ELCs companies signed contracts with the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestries and Fishery (MAFF). 2012.Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Investment contracts between MAFF and ELC companies. 1996-2006.Ministry of Commerce. Business registration. 2007.Cambodian League for the Promotion and Defense of Human Rights (Licadho). The Great Cambodia Giveaway: Visualizing Land Concessions over Time.NGO Forum. Concession Bibliography/Compiled by the Land and Livelihoods programme of the NGO forum on Cambodia. 2014.Office of the Council of Ministers. 2011.
Responsible party Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries,, 200 Norodom Blvd, Sangkat Tonle Basak, Khan Chamkarmorn, Ministry of Commerce,,, Russian Federation Blvd, Toeuk Thla Village, Sangkat Toeuk Thla, Khan Sen Sok, Phnom Penh, Office of the Council of Ministers, E-Mail:,, 38 Russian Blvd (110), Phnom Penh, 12252, Licadho, 16 St. 99, Boeung Trabek, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, NGO Forum,, , 9-11 St.476, Toul Tompoung1, Phnom Penh, Cambodia. P.O. Box 2295 Phnom Penh 3
Metadata creator information Metadata last updated on 2017-11-15. For inquiries contact: Open Development Cambodia 43 St 208, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
Attributes shape_id / ODC Shape identification number, map_id / ODC Map, co_link / ODC Code Link, developer / ODC Developer, adjustment_classification / ODC Adjustment classification, dev_nationality / ODC Developer nationality, dev_address / ODC Developer address, intended_purpose / ODC Intended purpose, inv_intention / ODC Investment intention, contract_duration_years / ODC Original contract duration (year), original_size_hectare / ODC Original contract size (hectare), size_reference / ODC Concession size reported by contracting_authority / ODC Contracting authority, director / ODC Director, director_nationality / ODC Director nationality, contract_date / ODC Contract date, sub-decree_granting_date / ODC Date of sub-decree grating concession, province / ODC Province, district / ODC District, commune / ODC Commune municipality / ODC Municipality, land_conv / ODC Land converted from, legal_documents / ODC Legal documentation, land_utilization_plan / ODC Land utilization plan, eia_status / ODC IEIA/EIA status, geometry_type / ODC Type of map, data_classification / ODC Data classification, reference / ODC Reference ###Notes * Data classification / ODC Government Data Complete: Information obtained from official Government sources, with official legal documentation, in four fields: a. Company name; b. Location; c. Shape file; d. Purpose (crop, ore, etc.) * Data classification / ODC Government Data Partial: Information obtained from official Government sources, with official legal documentation, but missing one or more of the following identification fields: a. Company name; b. Location; c. Shape file; d. Purpose (crop, ore, etc.) * Data classification / ODC Secondary Data: Information obtained from the concessionaire (company/entity) or from government source(s) without legal documentation. * Data classification / ODC Other Data: Information obtained from any other source in public domain (including documentation from .photographs, etc.) * Amendment classification / ODC No evidence of adjustments: ODC is not aware of any adjustments to the concession since it was first granted. * Amendment classification / ODC Downsized: The concession has been subjected to additional reductions in size and has not been cancelled previously * Amendment classification / ODC Revoked: The concession has been cancelled by the Royal Government of Cambodia with or without a history of reductions in size. * Amendment classification / ODC Downsized after revocation: The concession has been subjected to reduction(s) in size although it had been cancelled previously.
License Creative Commons Attribution
Copyright No
Version 1.0
Date uploaded November 13, 2015, 18:46 (UTC)
Date modified January 13, 2021, 04:17 (UTC)